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A fundamental Stag-beetle breeding manual

Acquisition of a parents
First, a Stag beetle to breed is purchased or collected.
Let's keep in mind that in a Dorcus hopei breeding is difficult if it is not a hibernation individual.
Since it is almost copulation ending when it is a wild Stag beetle, it can breed only by female.
The length has an individual difference fairly also by the same kind. For raising a large-sized individual, the large parents is hereditarily said to be advantageous. However, as long as there is also no specialist, it will seldom be necessary to care.
Since it is possible enough to raise a large-sized Stag beetle from a small parents, if it purchases for the purpose of only generation breeding, a cheap small pair will be a recommendation.
A winter season and those who cannot do warming think that breeding of the Stag beetle from a foreign country is difficult. Probably, it will be better to breed the Stag beetle from domestic.

It is the Stag beetle of a recommendation to a beginner.
(Domestic)
- Dorcus hopei binodulosus
- Dorcus titanus pilifer
- Dorcus titanus sakishimanus
- Dorcus rectus rectus
- Prosopocoilus inclinatus
- Prosopocoilus dissimilis elegans
(From a foreign country)
- Cyclommatus metallifer
- Phalacrognathus muelleri
- Lamprima adolphinae
- Dorcus bucephalus
Preparation of the tool for breeding
From copulation to a breeding
- Breeding-case
A plastic case is common. Let's choose the size of a plastic case according to a kind. Since there is a case which male kills on both sides of female depending on a kind (especially friend of a Dorcus titanus pilifer), let's prepare the smaller case to pairing, and the larger case to a breeding.

- Moisturing & insect control sheet
An a small fly will often produce an egg on an embedding mat, a mat will be degraded, and an a small fly will large-occur. For the reason, permeation of an a small fly is prevented on both sides of moisturing & insect control sheet various kinds marketed between the plastic case and the lid.

- Mat

It is marketed only for Beetle and Stag beetles. Probably, in the case of the kind in which only a mat breeds, the mat which carried out full ripeness fermentation will be good. It is cheap and is marketed. A Prosopocoilus of Japan has the optimal black soil.

- Food
Commercial insect jelly is marketed at a low price. Let's keep in mind that decomposition is very early although a banana may be given to breeding promotion.

- Food plate
The wooden plate of a The stand for food is common. The lid of jelly is removed and it inserts in the hole of a The stand for food with a cup. A Stag beetle usually makes an abode the bottom of a The stand for food.

- Breeding Wood
Many of Stag beetles produce an egg to the corroded tree. The wood for cultivating mushrooms of the "kunugi" "konara" used by shiitake mushroom cultivation is common. The "kunugi" Wood is somewhat more expensive. A "konara" Wood is somewhat soft compared with a "kunugi". When breaking a Wood, what has the thick heart is hard and difficult. Since female also stops being able to infiltrate into a Wood easily, let's choose what has the heart small as much as possible. The Stag beetle from a foreign country is in the tendency which likes the softer Wood at a slight size. At the time of purchase, since it is dry, after soaking in water half a day and drying in the shade, it is used, embedding on a mat.
Pairing
If a parents comes to hand, male will be first set to the case for pairing. A pairing case covers with a mat 3 or about 4cm, and makes a hiding place on a The stand for food, a perch, etc. female will be put in, if about one week is taken and male gets used to the environment. If grade will be carried out for three days, female will be taken out, and it moves to the case for a breeding. Since the probability that female will be killed becomes high, a kind especially with a ruder mind should take care.
However, what is necessary is just to breed in a pair the kind which does not almost have female murder in the case for a breeding.
The Water supply of a Wood
The Water supply of the breeding Wood is carried out. Water is put into a bucket, a plastic case, etc., a Wood is put in, and a Water supply is carried out half a day. Probably, it will be good to prevent covering and floating, since a Wood is light and it floats.
If it passes half a day, the skin of a Wood will be removed with a minus driver etc. (There is an effect which prevents consumption of the physical strength of female)
It drys in the shade more than half a day, and is used as a breeding Wood.
Probably, it will be good to choose what processed more than one since the hardness of a Wood differed, and was most suitable out of it.
Since a domestic Dorcus hopei binodulosus is very affable, there is no accident rash. However, it is better to take care, when being bred in a pair, since there was also affinity of male-female.
The wood for cultivating mushrooms of a "kunugi" and a "konara"
The cheap "konara" Wood of a price is somewhat enough
.
Water supply
Let's
cover, when floating.
The skin of a Wood is stripped.
Shortly after stripping the skin of a Wood finely, female can also be egg generated, and it also becomes also preventing consumption of physical strength.
The set of a breeding case
It embeds in larger cases, such as a large plastic case, a mat is put in, and a breeding Wood is buried. The depth of a mat of from a mat is thicker, and even if an it breeds in wood is shallow, it is OK.
In the case of the kind which produces an egg on a mat
A mat is likely to be packed a little firmly about 3cm of case lower parts, a Wood is likely to be placed on it, and it is likely to be said that a mat will be further put in to case 7 minute, and a Wood will be buried completely. The result which may use the mat which became the particle used for Stag-beetle larva breeding was obtained.
However, in a Cyclommatus metallifer, especially since it bears so that it may scatter over a mat, it is not necessary to harden.
The Wood thick the kind which produces an egg on both a Wood and a mat and softer is suitable.
The breeding-case for a breeding of a Phalacrognathus muelleri
The particle mat used for a full ripeness fermentation mat or Stag-beetle larva breeding is used for the kind which produces an egg on a mat. It is good then to put a mat in the breeding-case lower part at slight hardness.
Wood broken
If the marks which gnawed the Wood are seen, let's wait about one month. In a kind which produces an egg on mat, since an egg may appear from the breeding-case lower part or the side, let's observe carefully.
A wood broken will be performed if about one month passes. A Wood is broken by the minus screwdriver etc. When a Wood is hard and a wood broken is difficult, it waits for a while, and after making eat a Wood to some extent a larva and becoming easy to divide, it carries out.
If days pass too much not much, it will become a L2 larva and will become disadvantageous for a large-sized makeing.
However, in Fungi-thread bottle breeding, if too not much early, a Fungi thread will be parasitic and mortality rate will become high.
When an egg comes out, it is made to incubate artificially from a pudding cup.
If a L1 larva can be taken, it will set to a Fungi-thread bottle or the bottle in which the fermentation mat was put.
The case after a breeding (Dorcus hopei binodulosus)
The the fragment of a Wood which female deleted can be seen.
The L1 larva of the scene where it is extracting (Dorcus titanus sakishimanus)
When breaking a Wood by the minus screwdriver etc., cautions are required in not slaughtering a larva.
The L2 larva of the scene where it is extracting (Dorcus bucephalus)
In breeding after becoming a L2 larva, it is disadvantageous for a large-sized makeing.
Artificial incubation
When an egg is obtained, let's make it incubate artificially from a pudding cup.
A fermented mat is firmly put in a pudding cup, a hole is vacated with chopsticks, and an egg is dropped and buried. If you set to the cup side, a born from the egg can be observed and it is convenient.
When the head of the larva which came out of the egg colors and it is mat breeding, it moves to a bottle immediately. In Fungi-thread bottle breeding, there is a risk of being wound around a Fungi thread and dying. Probably, it will be better to have made the mat eaten and to put it in in the middle of a L1 to some extent.
The egg of a Dorcus hopei binodulosus
The egg set to the pudding cup (Dorcus bucephalus)
It is a pudding cup and is a larva (Dorcus bucephalus) born from the egg.
Flour fermentation mat creation
It is expensive, although it can be used immediately, if it is the already created addition fermentation mat. Therefore, the recommendation of purchasing a non-fermented cheap mat and creating an addition fermentation mat is carried out.

Creation procedure
(1) Put a non-fermented mat into larger cases, such as plastic case size.
(2) Add thin power flour.
About me, 150g has added in the large plastic case.
(3) It mixes uniformly.
(4) Carry out a Water supply. The grade to which it grasps strongly and water does not drip. It is a large plastic case and is about 1L.
(5) Prevent permeation of an a small fly by the lid and the humidity-maintenance-sheet.
(6) Wait for about one month in a comparatively warm place. To sometimes mix is good.
(7) If one month passes and it becomes dark brown, a glass bottle and a blow container will be stuffed firmly and it will be used for larva breeding.
Flour is added.
In addition, let's make an original mat from various additives.
Use is possible when becoming dark brown.
There is a quantity of a large plastic case by eight 800mL glass bottles.
A mat is used for a bottle, putting it in it firmly.
When packing a mat, it is the easiest to use a wooden hand press.
Larva breeding
The larva which carried out the wood broken, or the larva incubated artificially is set to a Fungi-thread bottle or a fermented mat.
A hole is made in a mat by the plus screwdriver etc., and a larva is dropped.
On both sides of paper, invasion of an a small fly is prevented between a lid and a bottle. In the case of a Fungi-thread bottle, a bigger ventilation hole than a fermented mat is required.
Mat exchange will be carried out, if the quantity which a larva eats is judged by the meal trace and it comes to see mostly. It exchanges in two months once again three months after by the L1 larva mat exchange and henceforth. A large kind enlarges size of a bottle and carries out mat exchange.
In the case of a Fungi-thread bottle, depending on the kind of mushroom Fungi thread currently used, a very weak thing is in high temperature. Those who cannot do low-temperature breeding need to look for a thing comparatively strong against high temperature.
The larva of a set scene (Homoderus mellyi)
The example of Fungi-thread bottle use (Dorcus hopei binodulosus)
In the case of a Fungi-thread bottle, especially a meal trace is intelligible
.
The example of fermentation mat use (Prosopocoilus inclinatus)
Change pupa
If a L3 larva ripens, a pupa room will be built and it will become a pupa.
Since a pupa room is built in many cases to a glass side, if a pupa is checked, let's will seldom move a bottle but carry out it quietly. A pupa is weak against a strong shock, and since it may die, cautions are required.
Wings is grown generally in one month.
When a pupa room is built at the bottom of a Fungi-thread bottle, water collects and is dangerous in a pupa room. Probably, it will be good to make a bottle reverse, or to take out a pupa carefully, and to make an artificial pupa room.
However, especially the pupa immediately after carrying out a change pupa is weak against a shock. Also at the lowest, after a change pupa, for one week, let's carry out quietly and place.
The pupa immediately after change (Dorcus rectus rectus)
Since the built translucent pupa which carries out especially a change pupa is very weak against a shock, please do not move a bottle.
Creation of an artificial pupa room
For a trouble or observation, when a pupa is taken out, let's manage at an artificial pupa room.
Pupa room about the same as the size of the pupa room of the individual used for a mini container etc. with black soil is made a little firmly.
If a pupa is set, let's insert a humidity-maintenance-sheet, cover, and prevent dryness.
Anyhow, since a pupa is delicate, let's damage, and deal with it carefully so that there may be nothing.
Since it can use any number of times, the artificial pupa room made at once is found useful.
When reusing and having left it for a long time, it dries, and let's use after carrying out a Water supply and correcting in that case, since it may crack.
The pupa set to the artificial pupa room (Prosopocoilus dissimilis elegans)
Change imago
Wings will be grown, if a change pupa is carried out and about one month passes.
After a change imago, probably, it does not have a problem, even if it will take out, if about three week passes, although leaving as it is and placing is best until it starts activity.
After growing wings, the Stag beetle on several is soft. Don't touch by any means.
It waits for one year until it buries and comes out on the mat with which it covered more thickly in a domestic Prosopocoilus , since it is dormant for one year after a change imago. It will die without the ability seldom sleeping, if it touches too much.
The Dorcus titanus pilifer immediately after a change imago
Still, a color is also shallow and soft
.
New imago
After a change imago, if it comes to work, it will manage one animal at a time by mini container etc.
The kind with little accident is bred by plurality.
Since there are some which require time after starting a the meal of an imago according to a kind until female ripens, let's adjust time, when carrying out pairing. In the case of Japan, it is most suitable around July from May when it will get warm.
The Cyclommatus metallifer of a new imago
A plurality breeding is possible
for a Cyclommatus metallifer.
As mentioned above, I introduced the fundamental breeding method.
I am waiting for an opinion and comment by mail.
Larva breeding
- Fungi-thread bottle
It is the breeding method which was most suitable for the Dorcus hopei binodulosus. An optimal temperature changes with kind of funguses. Those who cannot do low-temperature breeding had better check before purchase. There is also a kind which is not fit for Fungi-thread bottle breeding, such as a Cyclommatus metallifer.

- The mat for larva breeding
A larva breeding mat uses the mat which fermented wooden powders, such as a "kunugi" and a "konara". Although the mat fermented with the additive is also sold beforehand, it is a little expensive. We recommend you to be used purchasing the cheap mat which has not fermented and making it ferment with additives, such as flour.

- Breeding bottle

It is a bottle for larva breeding. Various sale also of the size is carried out. Probably, it will be good to insert paper between a lid and a bottle so that an a small fly may not enter.
In addition, breeding collectively in a plastic case etc. is also possible. However, mortality rate will also become high if members increase in number.

- Hand press
It uses, when putting a mat in a bottle. A wooden thing is lightweight and it is the easiest to use it. Since it becomes a remarkable labor, we recommend you a wooden thing.
About an insect is missed
It has meant at news that the Stag beetle from a foreign country was found out in the fields recently. It seems that it keeps, and it stops going out and misses in many cases since it increased or it had escaped accidentally.
Especially the friend of a Dorcus hopei binodulosus and a Dorcus titanus pilifer copulates with a thing of Japan, and the Stag beetle unique to Japan is facing a crisis.
The increased Beetle and Stag beetle is bred until it dies. Selling, or it gives those who have you breed, and never carrying out an an insect is missed should stop.
The product from a foreign country and the domestic Stag beetle which copulated will become that which individuality is lost and is unattractive.
I ask you to breed carefully enough so that it may not escape.
The Dorcus antaeus from India
- Please understand that there is a part which is hard to read since translation software is used. -
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